Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Import data from a text file (ADO)

The procedure below can be used to get an ADO recordset from a text file and fill in the result in a worksheet.

Sub GetTextFileData(strSQL As String, strFolder As String, rngTargetCell As Range)
' example: GetTextFileData "SELECT * FROM filename.txt", _
"C:\FolderName", Range("A3")
' example: GetTextFileData "SELECT * FROM filename.txt WHERE fieldname = 'criteria'", _
"C:\FolderName", Range("A3")
Dim cn As ADODB.Connection, rs As ADODB.Recordset, f As Integer
If rngTargetCell Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
Set cn = New ADODB.Connection
On Error Resume Next
cn.Open "Driver={Microsoft Text Driver (*.txt; *.csv)};" & _
"Dbq=" & strFolder & ";" & _
On Error GoTo 0
If cn.State <> adStateOpen Then Exit Sub
Set rs = New ADODB.Recordset
On Error Resume Next
rs.Open strSQL, cn, adOpenForwardOnly, adLockReadOnly, adCmdText
On Error GoTo 0
If rs.State <> adStateOpen Then
Set cn = Nothing
Exit Sub
End If
' the field headings
For f = 0 To rs.Fields.Count - 1
rngTargetCell.Offset(0, f).Formula = rs.Fields(f).Name
Next f
rngTargetCell.Offset(1, 0).CopyFromRecordset rs ' works in Excel 2000 or later
'RS2WS rs, rngTargetCell ' works in Excel 97 or earlier
Set rs = Nothing
Set cn = Nothing
End Sub

The procedure can be used like this:

Sub TestGetTextFileData()
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
GetTextFileData "SELECT * FROM filename.txt", "C:\FolderName", Range("A3")
' GetTextFileData "SELECT * FROM filename.txt WHERE fieldname = 'criteria'", _
"C:\FolderName", Range("A3")
ActiveWorkbook.Saved = True
End Sub

No comments: